The Periodic Table is a chart which arranges the chemical elements in a useful, logical manner. Elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number, lined up so that elements which exhibit similar properties are arranged in the same row or column as each other. The Periodic Table is one of the most useful tools of chemistry and the other sciences. Here are 10 fun and interesting Periodic Table facts:
1. While Dmitri Mendeleev is most often cited as the inventor of the modern periodic table, his table was just the first to gain scientific credibility, and not the first table that organized the elements according to periodic properties.
2. There are 90 elements on the periodic table that occur in nature. All of the other elements are strictly man-made. Very minute quantities of a few additional radioactive elements may result from decay of other elements.
3. Technetium was the first element to be made artificially.
4. The International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, revises the periodic table as new data becomes available. At the time of this writing, the most recent version of the periodic table was approved 19 February 2010.
5. The rows of the periodic table are called periods. An element’s period number is the highest unexcited energy level for an electron of that element.
6. Columns of elements help to distinguish groups in the periodic table. Elements within a group share several common properties and often have the same outer electron arrangement.
7. Most of the elements on the periodic table are metals. The alkali metals, alkaline earths, basic metals, transition metals, lanthanides and actinides all are groups of metals.
8. The present periodic table has room for 118 elements. Elements aren’t discovered or created in order of atomic number. Scientists are working on creating and verifying element 120, which will change the appearance of the table.
9. Although you might expect atoms of an element to get larger as their atomic number increases, this does not always occur because the size of an atom is determined by the diameter of its electron shell. In fact, element atoms usually decrease in size as you move from left to right across a row or period.
10. The main difference between the modern periodic table and Mendeleev’s periodic table is that Mendeleev’s table arranged the elements in order of increasing atomic weight while the modern table orders the elements by increasing atomic number.
Author: Anne Marie Helmenstine